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2012年bob娱乐官网入口英语理工类B级真题及参考答案

来源:bob娱乐官网入口英语考试新闻    发布时间:2012-04-18   浏览:

  第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)下面每个句子中均有1个词或者短语有括号,请为每处括号部分确定1个意义最为接近的选项。

  【题型总体分析】词汇选项共15个小题,总分15分,通过查博大考神词典可以查出同义词11个,迅速拿到11分。再通过博大词典查目标词和选项的意思得出答案的有2分。也就是说,只通过查词典,不需要看题干句,更不需要理解题干句子的意思,就可以快速的拿到14分。在理工B中只有一两个题目,目标词在句子中的意思太生僻,考得比较偏,需要动点脑筋理解一个句子的意思。但是我们可以保证拿到的分数高达13分。

  题目分析:

  1. All the walls in the building had the same (layout)。

  A. sizeB. functionC. colorD. arrangment【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是layout,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项D的arrangement在其中,因此本题的正确答案是arrangement。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  2. The storm caused (severe) damage.

  A. physicalB. accidentalC. seriousD. enviromental【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是severe,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的serious在其中,因此本题的正确答案是serious。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  3. The walls are made of (hollow) concret blocks.

  A. bigB. emptyC. longD. new【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是hollow,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项B的empty在其中,因此本题的正确答案是empty。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  4. Our aim was to (update) the health service and we succeeded.

  A. offerB. provideC. modernizeD. fund【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是update,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的modernize在其中,因此本题的正确答案是modernize。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  5. Do we have to wear these name (tags)?

  A. listsB. formsC. lablesD. codes【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是tags,查找其原形tag,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的lables在其中,因此本题的正确答案是lables。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  6. Joe came to the window as the crowd (chanted)"Joe, Joe, Joe"A. repeatedB. jumpedC. maintainedD. approached【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是chanted,查找其原形chant,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,四个选项都不在同义词列表里。迅速查找四个选项和目标词意思进行对比,发现选项A的repeated和目标词的"反复地说"意思相同,因此本题的正确答案是repeated。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  7. He (inspired) many young people to take up sports.

  A. encouragedB. allowedC. calledD. advised【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是inspired,查找其原形inspire,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的encouraged在其中,因此本题的正确答案是encouraged。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  8. The city center was (wiped out) by the bomb.

  A. coveredB. reducedC. destroyedD. moved【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。短语wiped out中的目标词是wiped的原形wipe,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的destroyed在其中,因此本题的正确答案是destroyed。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  9. Most baby can (take in) a wide range of food easily.

  A. bringB. digestC. keepD. serve【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。短语take in中的目标词是take,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,四个选项都不在同义词列表里。迅速查找四个选项和目标词意思进行对比,发现选项B的digest和目标词的"消化"意思相同,因此本题的正确答案是digest。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  10. A large crowd (assembled) outside the American embassy.

  A. watchedB. shoutedC. gatheredD. walked【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是assembled的原形assemble,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的gathered在其中,因此本题的正确答案是gathered。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  11. The weather was (crisp) and clear and you could see the mountains fifty miles away.

  A. freshB. hotC. heavyD. windy【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是crisp,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项A的fresh在其中,因此本题的正确答案是fresh。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  12. What(puzzles) me is why his books are so popular.

  A. shocksB. influencesC. confusesD. concerns【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是puzzles的原形puzzle,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项C的confuses在其中,因此本题的正确答案是confuses。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  13. I think $7 a drink is a bit (steep), don't you?

  A. tightB. lowC. cheapD. high【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是steep,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,四个选项都不在同义词列表里。迅速查找四个选项和目标词意思进行对比,发现选项D的high和目标词的"(价格)高的"意思相同,因此本题的正确答案是high。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  14. The (contempt) he felt for his fellow students was obvious.

  A. needB. hateC. loveD. pity【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是contempt,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,四个选项都不在同义词列表里。迅速查找四个选项和目标词意思进行对比,发现选项D的pity和目标词的"可鄙"意思相同,因此本题的正确答案是pity。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  15. Her comments about men are (utterly) ridiculous.

  A. slightlyB. partlyC. faintlyD. completely【分析】这道题考查的是查词典技巧。目标词是utterly,通过查目标词找到其同义词列表,迅速进行对比,发现选项D的completely在其中,因此本题的正确答案是completely。此类题目在博大考神bob娱乐官网入口英语12.0培训班中的词汇选项题型,有详细的解题步骤和技巧的演示及说明讲解,并在课间练习、课后练习和考试中设置有类似题目。

  【综合分析】

  本题就是通过查词典来拿分,不去理解题干的意思。从以上的分析来看,我们的词典在考试中可以说是一个有力的武器。对于查词典的方法和技巧,我们在培训班中设置了很多的演示和说明,并配备了精炼的习题让考生"练手",保证掌握技巧。

  更值得一提的是,对于本次词汇选项中考到的目标词,很多考生可能会对有些目标词感到很熟悉,觉得在平时查过或者学过。事实也确实如此,比如目标词severe,inspired,wiped out,assembled,puzzles,utterly等单词,在我们培训班设置的例题和习题中,都是出现过的。所以只要认真学习了我们培训班的内容,不仅能掌握快速查词典的技巧,做起题来也不会感到陌生,因为有些词是在平时学习中已经练习过了。

  第2部分:阅读判断(第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断;如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

  【题型总体分析】阅读判断通过学习查读法解题技巧,可以得到5分左右。查读法技巧是解决阅读判断,概括大意和完成句子,阅读理解等阅读题型的必备解题技巧。我们在软件的技巧实战板块中对该技巧进行了分类详细的讲述,并且配置了大量的针对性练习来让考生"练手",学练结合,保证充分掌握技巧,并且学会在考场上的灵活运用。

  Eastern Quakes Can Trigger Big ShakesIn the first week of November 2011, people in central Oklahoma experienced more than two dozen earthquakes. The largest, a magnitude 5.6 quake, shook thousands of fans in a college football stadium, caused cracks in a few buildings and rattled the nerves of many people who had never felt a quake before. Oklahoma is not an area of the country famous for its quakes. If you watch the news on TV, you see reports about all sorts of natural disasters -hurricanes, tornadoes, flooding and wildfires, to name a few. But the most dangerous type of natural disaster, and also the most unpredictable, is the earthquake.

  Researchers at the U.S. Geological Survey estimate that several million earthquakes rattle the globe each year. That may sound scary, but people don't feel many of the tremors because they happen in remote and unpopulated regions. Many quakes happen under the ocean, and others have a very small magnitude, or shaking intensity.

  A magnitude 5.8 earthquake that struck central Virginia the afternoon of August 23, 2011, was felt from central Georgia to southeastern Canada. In many urban areas, including Washington, D.C., and New York City (Wall Street shown), people crowded the streets while engineers inspected buildings. Credit: Wikimedia/Alex Tabak Scientists know about small, remote quakes only because of very sensitive electronic devices called seismometers. These devices detect and measure the size of ground vibrations produced by earthquakes. Altogether, USGS researchers use seismometers to identify and locate about 20,000 earthquakes each year.

  Although earthquakes can happen anywhere in the world, really big quakes occur only in certain areas. The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher and happen, on average, only once each year. Such big ones typically occur along the edges of Earth's tectonic plates.

  Tectonic plates are huge pieces of Earth's crust, sometimes many kilometers thick. These plates cover our planet's surface like a jigsaw puzzle. Often, jagged edges of these plates temporarily lock together. When plates jostle and scrape past each other earthquakes occur. On average, tectonic plates move very slowly - about the same speed as your fingernails grow.

  But sometimes earthquakes rumble through portions of the landscape far from a plate's edges. Although less expected, these "mid-plate" tremors can do substantial damage. Some of the biggest known examples rattled the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago. Today, scientists are still puzzling over why the quakes occurred and when similar ones might occur.

  题目分析:

  16.Oklahoma is an area often experiencing natural disasters.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:Oklahoma,natural disasters。

  第二步:将信息词回归到原文第一段:people in central Oklahoma experienced more than two dozen earthquakes以及Oklahoma is not an area of the country famous for its quakes.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是:Oklahoma是一个经常遭受自然灾害(natural disasters)的地区。而在原文句子中只提及到了地震(quakes),并没有指出其他的自然灾害,故题干涉及到的内容在原文中并没有提及到,所以本题的答案应该是选择C选项。

  17.The earthquake is the most unpredictable natural disaster.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:the most unpredictable。

  第二步:将信息词回归到原文第一段最后一句:But the most dangerous type of natural disaster, and also the most unpredictable, is the earthquake.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是:The earthquake是the most unpredictable的自然灾害(natural disasters),原文句子中说的是the most unpredictable的自然灾害是earthquake。题干和原文意思一致,所以本题的答案应该是选择A选项。

  18.Few earthquakes happen without people's awareness.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧和顺序出题原则法。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:people's awareness。

  第二步:信息词无法回归到原文中,根据顺序出题原则,我们在第二段中找答案。找到相关句子:but people don't feel many of the tremors because they happen in remote and unpopulated regions.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是:几乎没有(few)地震(earthquake)是在人们不知情的情况下(without people's awareness)发生的。原文说的是:人们感觉不到(people don't feel)大多数的震动(tremors),题干和原文意思相反,所以本题的答案应该是选择B选项。这道题比较难,涉及到两个知识点,一是A-B的回归,即earthquake和tremors的同义改写,awareness和feel的同义改写;二是few……without……这个双重否定表示的是肯定的意思。

  19. Seismometers can identify and locate most of the earthquakes in China.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧和顺序出题原则。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:Seismometers,China。

  第二步:信息词China无法回归到原文中,所以本题的答案应该是选择C选项。这道题比较简单,是很典型的"无中生有"未提交题目。

  20.Big earthquakes of a magnitude 8 or higher seldom happen far from the edges of tectonic plates.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧和顺序出题原则。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:people's awareness magnitude 8,the edges of tectonic plates。

  第二步:信息词回归到原文第四段中的后半部分:The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher and happen, on average, only once each year. Such big ones typically occur along the edges of Earth's tectonic plates.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是:Big earthquakes of a magnitude 8 or higher很少(seldom)发生在远离(far from)the edges of tectonic plates的地方。原文说的是:8级或以上的地震(The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher)一般一年发生一次。这些地震(Such big ones)主要沿着the edges of Earth's tectonic plates发生。其中Such big ones指的就是The largest ones register a magnitude 8 or higher。题干和原文意思是一致的,所以本题的答案应该是选择A选项。这道题涉及到两个知识点,一是seldom…far from和along的同义改写,二是Such big ones对前文内容的指代。

  21.Whenever tectonic plates move, earthquakes happen.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧和顺序出题原则。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:Whenever,tectonic plates。

  第二步:信息词大量出现在原文中,所以应该辅助使用顺序出题原则进行回归,回归到原文的第五段中找答案。找到相关句子:When plates jostle and scrape past each other earthquakes occur.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是:不管什么时候(whenever)tectonic plates运动了(move),就会产生(happen)地震。原文说的是:当plates 相互地(each other)jostle and scrape past的时候(when),地震就产生(occur)了。题干意思和原文意思不符,地震需要plates之间的相互运动才能产生,所以本题的答案应该是选择B选项。这道题涉及到一个知识点,即whenever和when的同义改写,以及happen和occur的同义改写。

  22. The earthquake that hit the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago is the biggest "mid-plate" one in history.

  A. right   B. wrong   C. not mention【分析】这道题使用的是查读法技巧和顺序出题原则。

  第一步:划出题干中的信息词:the United States,two centuries ago。

  第二步:信息词回归到原文的第六段中间部分:Although less expected, these "mid-plate" tremors can do substantial damage. Some of the biggest known examples rattled the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago.

  第三步:对比原文以及题目信息。题干的意思是: The earthquake that hit the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago是历史上最强的一次"mid-plate"。原文说的是:一些有名的最强地震rattled the eastern half of the United States two centuries ago. 题干中的"最强的一次"这层意思在原文中并没有提及到,可能是"最强的一次",也可能不是,所以本题的答案应该是选择C选项。

  【综合分析】

  阅读判断通过信息词的直接比对可以做出5个题目,包含简单回归和无中生有来判断轻松得出答案的题。只有2-3个题目需要进行同义转换,要通过查找词典,辨别意思后才能进行判断,难度稍微大了一点,不过找到我们的词典是非常强大的,只要平时查词典速度快,这几道题目也是可以快速进行判断的。

  第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为指定段落每段选择1个小标题;(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定一个最佳选项。

  【题型整体分析】概括大意部分的整体解题思路是:分析选项中的信息词(重点词);其次回归原文找到段落的中心句,关于找中心句的技巧在培训班中的概括大意部分有详细的讲解;最后再看选项中哪一项的中心词出现在段落中心句中。通过这样的技巧可以很快得出题目的答案。段落中心句的确定技巧为:段落中心句一般是句子的第一句或者是最后一句。如果第二句中有明显的转折的词汇,比如but,则第二句则是段落中心句。其次就是段落中的叙述比较零散,没有明显的中心句。这时,一般段落中会有多次出现的词,这些词也是会在某一选项中出现。故技巧的灵活运用可以帮助我们轻松解题。

  Learn about Noble Gases(惰性气体)1.     Have you ever ridden on a balloon? Many tourist spots offer balloon rides in order for people to see the beauty of a place from above. A balloon contains a noble gas called helium. Formerly, balloons contained hydrogen but hydrogen is very flammable and dangerous when uncontrolled. Therefore, people shifted to helium, which is safer. Helium is safe because it has the properties of the noble gases.

  2.     People once believed that noble gases couldn't chemically react at all. For this reason, they were called inert gases. They were also clustered under Group 0 in the old periodic table because scientists believed that the gases have zero valence electrons in their outer shell. This was later proven to be untrue when some noble gas compounds were discovered.

  3.    The gases are elements, which share similar properties. These properties include being monoatomic, colorless, odorless, being able to conduct electricity, and having low chemical reactivity. Noble gases include Helium, Neon, Argon, Krypton, Xenon and Radon. These are all found in Group 18, in the rightmost column of the periodic table. If you look at the periodic table, you will notice that these elements are the only ones, which do not have a charge. Helium has the lowest molecular(分子的) weight while Radon is the heaviest.

  4.    Remember that chemical reactions occur because atoms have "valence" electrons, which are electrons in their outer shell. When the outer shell is "unfilled" or the required number of electrons is not yet complete, the atom is more reactive. Noble gases have a full outer shell, meaning that they have complete electrons in their outer shell. This complete number varies. For instance, the outer shell of Helium has 2 valence electrons while the outer shell of Xenon has 8 electrons. Nowadays, there remains to be a few noble gases because of the inherent low chemical reactivity of these said gases.

  5.     Because of their properties, noble gases have many important applications. They are widely used in recreation, medicine and industries. For instance, Liquid Helium is used for superconducting magnets(磁体)。 These magnets are very important in physics and medicine. When a doctor suspects that a person's brain has been damaged, he might request for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)。 MRI allows the doctor to "see" the brain, without operating on the patient.

  【题目分析】

  23. Paragraph 2A. What are the applications of noble gases?

  B. How were noble gases discovered?

  C. What are noble gases?

  D. What cause the low chemical reactivity of noble gases?

  E. How were noble gases understood in the past?

  F. What is the periodic table?

  【分析】

  第一步:划出各个选项的中心词。A:应用applications;B:怎么发现的?How……discovered?C:noble gases是什么? D:引起了低化学反应cause the low chemical reactivity;E:过去被理解understood in the past;F:周期表periodic table。

  第二步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句就在段落的第一句:People once believed that noble gases……,意思是:人们曾经认为noble gases……第三步:对比选项,确定答案。和"曾经认为"相关的选项就应该是选项E的How were noble gases understood in the past?意思是:以前人们是怎么理解noble gases的?选项E的内容符合该段的主要意思,所以本题的正确答案为选项E。

  24.  Paragraph 3A. What are the applications of noble gases?

  B. How were noble gases discovered?

  C. What are noble gases?

  D. What cause the low chemical reactivity of noble gases?

  E. How were noble gases understood in the past?

  F. What is the periodic table?

  【分析】

  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句就在段落的第一句:The gases are elements, which share similar properties. 意思是:The gases是elements, ……第二步:对比选项,确定答案。和中心句相关的选项就应该是选项C的What are noble gases?意思是: noble gases是什么?选项C的内容符合该段的主要意思,所以本题的正确答案为选项C。这道题涉及到了我们概括大意中很典型的一个题目,也就是下定义的表示方法:what is/are……25.  Paragraph 4A. What are the applications of noble gases?

  B. How were noble gases discovered?

  C. What are noble gases?

  D. What cause the low chemical reactivity of noble gases?

  E. How were noble gases understood in the past?

  F. What is the periodic table?

  【分析】

  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句就在段落的最后一句:Nowadays, there remains to be a few noble gases because of the inherent low chemical reactivity of these said gases.

  第二步:对比选项,确定答案。和中心句相关的选项就应该是选项D的What cause the low chemical reactivity of noble gases? 只有该选项中出现了中心句的关键词the low chemical reactivity。所以本题的正确答案为选项D。

  26.  Paragraph 5A. What are the applications of noble gases?

  B. How were noble gases discovered?

  C. What are noble gases?

  D. What cause the low chemical reactivity of noble gases?

  E. How were noble gases understood in the past?

  F. What is the periodic table?

  【分析】

  第一步:找出段落的中心句。本段的中心句就在段落的第一句:Because of their properties, noble gases have many important applications.

  第二步:对比选项,确定答案。和中心句相关的选项就应该是选项A的What are the applications of noble gases?只有该选项提到到中心句的关键词application。所以本题的正确答案为选项A。

  【综述】:概括大意主要考察的就是大家能否快速找到中心句或者是段落中经常出现的中心词。其次就是要求大家对于英语文章的写作逻辑方法的了解,这样才会更好从逻辑上判断哪一句是中心句。大家经常练习后,有时是可以从选项就一下子可以得出段落的中心句。也不需要理解,只要大家眼睛看的够快,能发现某一选项的词在某一段落中出现,这样都不用理解就可以得到分数。

  【完成句子整体解题技巧】

  完成句子主要是采用查读法,但有些题目是可以通过语法结构解题的,这样就需要考生有一定的基础并且对与一些固定搭配有一定的了解。关于完成句子的技巧在培训班的完成句子课程中有详细讲解。完成句子因为是用查读法,所以有时会涉及到信息的对比。

  27. Noble gases are not very chemically______.

  A. unnecessaryB. completeC. lightestD. importantE. flammableF. reactive【分析】

  第一步:首先看有没有可以帮助我们解题的语法结构。本题目要选择的是一个能被副词chemically修饰的词,也就是动词或形容词。所有选项都符合条件。所以使用查读法进行解题。确定题干中的信息词为:chemically。

  第二步:利用信息词,我们直接回归原文的第二段第一句:People once believed that noble gases couldn't chemically react at all.

  第三步:对比题干和原文。原文中chemically修饰的是动词react,而选项中出现了该单词的形容词形式reactive,所以,本题的答案应该是选项F。该题主要的解题思路就是通过信息词回归以后,找到原文和题干内容的同义改写。

  28. Among the elements of noble gases Helium is the____.

  A. unnecessaryB. completeC. lightestD. importantE. flammableF. reactive【分析】

  第一步:首先看有没有可以帮助我们解题的语法结构。本题目要选择的是一个能被定冠词the修饰的名词或最高级。选项中满足这个要求的只有选项C的lightest。所以,本题的答案是选项C。该题主要的解题思路就是通过冠词the的用法来进行排查和确定答案的。

  29. The required number of electrons in noble gases' outer shell is _____.

  A. unnecessaryB. completeC. lightestD. importantE. flammableF. reactive【分析】

  第一步:首先判断出没有可以帮助我们解题的语法结构。所以使用查读法进行解题。确定题干中的信息词为:The required number of electron,outer shell。

  第二步:利用信息词,我们直接回归原文的第四段前半部分:Remember that chemical reactions occur because atoms have "valence" electrons, which are electrons in their outer shell. When the outer shell is "unfilled" or the required number of electrons is not yet complete, the atom is more reactive.

  第三步:对比题干和原文。选项B的complete出现在原文中,所以,本题的答案应该是选项B。

  30. MRI may make operating on the patient ______.

  A. unnecessaryB. completeC. lightestD. importantE. flammableF. reactive【分析】

  第一步:首先判断出有没有可以帮助我们解题的语法结构。题干中涉及到单词make的用法,即:使某人/某事怎么样,这里是:使得病人身上的手术____。不能根据这个判断出答案,所以快速确定题干的信息词为:MRI,operating on the patient。

  第二步:利用信息词,我们直接回归原文的最后一段后半部分:When a doctor suspects that a person's brain has been damaged, he might request for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)。 MRI allows the doctor to "see" the brain, without operating on the patient.

  第三步:对比题干和原文。原文中说的是without operating on the patient,也就是不用在病人身上做手术,选项中,A选项的unnecessary是没用的意思,也就是:使得病人身上的手术没用,符合原文的意思,所以,本题的答案应该是选项A。

  第4部分:阅读理解(第31~45题,每题3分,共45分)下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题。请根据短文内容,为每题确定1个最佳选项。

  第一篇Active Gallery: The best of Bionics(仿生学)Humans might be the most highly-evolved species on the planet, but most animals possess skills we can only dream of having. Imagine how much electricity we could save if we could see in the dark the way cats do. Imagine leaping from tree to tree like a monkey. Giraffes(长颈鹿), which are otherwise calm and good-natured, sleep only 4.6 hours a day.

  We realized a long, long time ago that nature provides the best blueprint(蓝图)for invention. We've borrowed canals from beavers(河狸)and reflectors from cat's eyes. Although the words "bionics" became popular only after the 1960s, history shows that nature has always provided ideas on solving everyday problems. Our archives(档案)don't go back to the time of Leonardo da Vinci and his bird-like flying machines, but we can take you to the late 19th century, where we applied those same principles for building our first practical airplanes.

  To prepare for their flight at Kitty Hawk, the Wright brothers studied the movements of pigeons to figure out how they stayed high up when they were heavier than air. Their success inspired scores of successors to improve on the airplane by studying various aspects of nature. One of Orville Wright's pupils caught and stuffed seagulls to examine their wingspan. Meanwhile, two French inventors examined spinning sycamore(梧桐) seeds in an effort to apply those same motions, reversed, to a helicopter.

  Some examples are more obvious than others. The outside of the airplane designed by the Wright brothers looks like a minimalistic (简单抽象艺术) structure. On the other hand, Barney Connett's fish submarine (潜水艇) actually looks like a fish.

  Some bio-inspired concepts have yet to be invented. In the 1960s, the US Army commissioned several university professors to conduct research on the motor skills animals in hope of applying those same abilities to tanks. Tanks that run like horses or jump like grasshoppers(蚂蚱)-sounds shocking, doesn't it? But imagine how life would change if we could achieve that.

  31. "cats","monkeys" and "giraffes" mentioned in paragraph 1 are examples to illustrateA. they are highly-evolved species as humans.

  B. humans can learn animals'skills.

  C. they are skillful in different ways.

  D. animals have skills that humans do not possess.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:"cats","monkeys" and "giraffes",examples。题干问的是第一段中提及到的"cats","monkeys" and "giraffes"是要阐述____的例子。

  第二步:我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中,根据题干的paragraph 1回归到原文的第一段中:Humans might be the most highly-evolved species on the planet, but most animals possess skills we can only dream of having. Imagine how much electricity we could save if we could see in the dark the way cats do. Imagine leaping from tree to tree like a monkey. Giraffes(长颈鹿), which are otherwise calm and good-natured, sleep only 4.6 hours a day. 原文当中第一句说的是humans可能是星球上the most highly-evolved species,但是许多动物(most animals)拥有我们只能做梦才能想的技能(skills we can only dream of having)。然后后面举出了关于"cats","monkeys" 和 "giraffes"的例子,重点要说明的就是but后面的内容。

  第三步:我们最后对比信息,只有选项A和D的内容出现在第一段中,所以在这两个选项中确定答案。选项A是but前面的内容,而选项D是but后面的内容,其中"humans do not possess(人类没有拥有)"和原文当中的"only dream of having(只能梦里才能拥有)"表达的是同一个意思,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。这道题解题的关键在两点,一是but后面的内容才是本段要阐述的主要内容,二是题干中"humans do not possess(人类没有拥有)"和原文当中"only dream of having(只能梦里才能拥有)"是同义改写。

  32. Which of the following can be found in the archive gallery?

  A. History books.

  B. The Wright brothers'sculpture.

  C. First practical airplanes built in the late 19th century.

  D. Leonardo da vinci's bird-like flying machines【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:archive gallery。题干问的是:在archive gallery里能发现下面的那一项?

  第二步:我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第二段中:Our archives(档案)don't go back to the time of Leonardo da Vinci and his bird-like flying machines, but we can take you to the late 19th century, where we applied those same principles for building our first practical airplanes.

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,发现选项C和D的内容出现在了原文中,所以我们在这两个选项中确定答案。原文说的是不会(don't go back)……Leonardo da Vinci and his bird-like flying machines,但是能(but we can)……first practical airplanes,所以,选项C的内容才是能在archive gallery里被发现的。所以本题的正确答案是C选项。本题的解题关键点也是要知道don't……,but……这个句子里面,重点在but后面的内容。

  33. What happened after the Wright brothers'success?

  A. People carried out a systematic study on pigeons.

  B. People studied more animals and plants to develop the airplane.

  C. People could fly their airplane for fun.

  D. People kept their airplane at a French gallery.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:the Wright brothers'success。题干问的是:在the Wright brothers'success后面发生了什么?

  第二步:我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第三段前半部分:To prepare for their flight at Kitty Hawk, the Wright brothers studied the movements of pigeons to figure out how they stayed high up when they were heavier than air. Their success inspired scores of successors to improve on the airplane by studying various aspects of nature. 第一句中提到了the Wright brothers,第二句中的Their success(他们的成功)很明显指代的就是the Wright brothers'success,所以答案在第二句话中,即Their success 激发了许多的后来者(inspired scores of successors)通过研究自然的方方面面(by studying various aspects of nature)去完善飞机(to improve on the airplane)。

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项A说的是研究鸽子,选项B说的是研究动植物来发展飞机,选项C说的是开飞机玩,选项D说的是把飞机保存在French gallery。对比以后我们选择选项B的内容更符合原文的意思,所以本题的正确答案是B选项。本题的解题关键点也是要知道studying various aspects of nature和studied more animals and plants表达的都是研究自然界的动植物的意思,而且improve on the airplane 和develop the airplane表达的都是提高改善飞机的意思。

  34. Which of the following is true about the research carried out by the US Army?

  A. It has changed our life.

  B. It has cost a large sum of money.

  C. It has improved the abilities of tanks.

  D. It has not succeeded yet.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:the US Army。题干问的是:下列哪项描述the US Army展开的研究是正确的第二步:我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的最后一段:In the 1960s, the US Army commissioned several university professors to conduct research on the motor skills animals in hope of applying those same abilities to tanks. Tanks that run like horses or jump like grasshoppers(蚂蚱)-sounds shocking, doesn't it? But imagine how life would change if we could achieve that. 本段话的重点在but后面,说的是:如果我们能够达到那样(if we could achieve that),生活将会发生怎么样的改变(how life would change)。用的是一个虚拟语气,也就是说实际上是没有达到的,所以生活还没有发生改变。

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项A说的是已经改变了我们的生活,排除掉;选项B的内容在原文中没有提及到,排除掉;选项C说的是已经完善了the abilities of tank,原文说的是希望(in hoping of)……abilities to tanks.,排除掉;选项D说的是还没有成功,该意思和原文内容意思相符,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。本题的解题关键点也是要知道最后一段的最后一句里面的虚拟语气用法。

  35. What does the writer want to tell in the passage?

  A. Many inventions get ideas from nature.

  B. Some animals possess unique skills.

  C. People should protect nature.

  D. Bionics is far from perfect.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题问的是:作者想要在文章里面说什么?问的是文章的主旨大意,所以我们在文章的第一段,最后一段以及每段的段首段尾找答案。

  第二步:选项A说的是许多发明点子来自于自然;选项B说的是一些动物拥有奇特的技能;选项C说的是人们应该保护自然;选项D说的是仿生学还不够完善;第三步:根据前面几道题的提示以及文章的主要段落的主要内容,B选项只是对文章第一段的概括,太片面了所以排除掉;C选项的内容在本文中没有涉及到,排除掉;D选项的内容在本文中也没有提及到,排除掉;所以本题的正确答案应该是A选项,即从动物植物身上,学习题目奇特的技能,并应用到我们的发明中。

  第二篇Gross National HappinessIn the last century,new technology improved the lives of many people in many countries. However, one country resisted these changes. High in the Himalayan mountains of Asia, the kingdom of Bhutan remained separate. Its people and Buddhist(佛教)culture had not been affected for almost a thousand years. Bhutan,however,was a poor country. People died at a young age. Most of its people could not read, and they did not know much about the outside world. Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern, but without losing its traditions.

  King Wangchuck looked at other countries for ideas. He saw that most countries measured their progress by their Gross Natonal Product(GNP)。 The GNP measures products and money. When the number of products sold increases people say the country is making progress. King Wangchuck had a different idea for Bhutan. He wanted to measure his country's progress by people's happiness. If the people's happiness increased, the king could say that Bhutan was making progress. To decide if people were happier, he created a measure called Gross National Happiness(GNH)。

  GNH is based on certain principles that create happiness. People are happier if they have health care, education, and jobs. They are happier when they live in a healthy, protected environment. They are happier when they can keep their traditional culture and customs. Finally, people are happier when they have a good, stable government.

  Now these is some evidence of increased GNH in Bhutan. People are healthier and are living longer. More people are educated and employed. Teenty-five percent of the land has become national parks, and the country has almost no pollution. The Bhutanese continue to wear their traditional clothing and follow their ancient Buddhist customs. Bhutan has also become a democracy. In 2008, King Wangchuck gave his power to his son. Although the country still had a king, it held its first democratic elections that year. Bhutan had political parties and political candidates for the first time. Finally, Bhutan has connected to the rest of the world through television and internet.

  Bhutan is a symbol for social progress. Many countries are now interested in Bhutan's GNH. These countries are investigating their own ways to measure happiness. They want to create new policies that take care of their people, cultures, and land.

  Brazil may be the nest country to use the principles of GNH. Brazilian leaders see the principles of GNH as a source of inspiration. Brazil is a large country with a diverse population. If happiness works as a measure of progress in Brazil, perhaps the rest of the world will follow.

  36. Who was Jigme Singye Wangchuck?

  A. A president.

  B. A buddist preist.

  C. A general.

  D. A king.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:Jigme Singye Wangchuck。题干问的是:Jigme Singye Wangchuck是谁?

  第二步:我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第一段最后一句:Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern,but without losing its traditions.

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项A的king直接出现在原文中(a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck),所以本题的正确答案为D选项。

  37. Apart from moderizing Bhutan, what else did Wangchuck want to do for Bhutan?

  A. To make its populaton grow.

  B. To keep it separate from the world.

  C. To encourage its people to get rich.

  D. To keep its tradition and customs.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:moderizing Bhutan,moderizing Bhutan。题干问的是:除了moderizing Bhutan,Wangchuck还想for Bhutan做什么?

  第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第一段最后一句:Then, in 1972, a new ruler named King Jigme Singye Wangchuck decided to help Bhutan to become modern, but without losing its traditions. 原文说的是Wangchuck决定帮助Bhutan变得modern,但是又不失传统(without losing its traditions)。即:除了变得modern,还想保持传统。

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项D的keep its tradition and customs(保持传统和风俗)于原文是一致的,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。本题的解题重点是关于without losing its traditions和without losing its traditions的同义转换。

  38. A country shows its progress with GNP byA. selling more products.

  B. spending more money.

  C. spending less money.

  D. providing more jobs.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:progress with GNP。题干问的是:国家通过____来显示GNP的增长?

  第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第二段前半部分:King Wangchuck looked at other countries for ideas. He saw that most countries measured their progress by their Gross Natonal Product(GNP)。 The GNP measures products and money. When the number of products sold increases people say the country is making progress. 原文说的是当卖的产品数量增加了(the number of products sold increases),国家就在making progress。

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项A的selling more products表示的卖掉更多的产品,和原文的the number of products sold increases是同义改写,其中sell是动词形式的"卖",而sale是名词形式的"卖",所以本题的正确答案为A选项。本题的解题重点是关于题干和原文的同义改写。

  39. According to GNH, people are happier if theyA. have new tecnology.

  B. can change their religion.

  C. have a good, stable government.

  D. have more money.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:happier。题干问的是:根据GNP,如果____人们就更幸福。

  第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的第三段:People are happier if they have health care, education, and jobs. They are happier when they live in a healthy, protected environment. They are happier when they can keep their traditional culture and customs. Finally, people are happier when they have a good, stable government.

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项A的selling more products表示的卖掉更多的产品,和原文的the number of products sold increases是同义改写,其中sell是动词形式的"卖",而sale是名词形式的"卖",所以本题的正确答案为A选项。本题的解题重点是关于题干和原文的同义改写。

  40. Today, many countries areA. using the principles of GNH to measure their progress.

  B. woking together to develop a common scale to measure GNH.

  C. taking both Bhutan and Brazil as symbols for social progress.

  D. trying to find their own ways to measure happiness.

  【分析】

  第一步:本题采用查读法,我们首先找到题干的信息词为:Today,many countries。题干问的是:今天,许多国家____。

  第二步:根据信息词及顺序出题原则,我们接下来将信息词回归到原文中的后半部分,尤其是倒数第二段:Many countries are now interested in Bhutan's GNH. These countries are investigating their own ways to measure happiness. They want to create new policies that take care of their people, cultures, and land.

  第三步:我们最后对比信息和选项,选项D的trying to find their own ways to measure happiness出现在原文中,所以本题的正确答案为D选项。本题的解题重点是利用顺序出题原则来进行回归。

  第三篇"Life Form Found" on Saturn's TitanScientists say they have discovered hints of alien life on the Saturn's moon.The discovery of a sort of life was announced after researchers at the US space agency, NASA, analyzed data from spacecraft Cassini, which pointed to the existence of methane-based form of life on Saturn's biggest moon.

  Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are "breathing" in Titan's dense atmosphere filled with hydrogen.

  They argue that hydrogen gets absorbed before hitting Titan's planet-like surface covered with methane lakes and rivers.This, they say, points to the existence of some "bugs" consuming the hydrogen at the surface of the moon less than half the size of the Earth.

  "We suggested hydrogen consumption because it's the obvious gas for life to consume on Titan, similar to the way we consume oxygen on Earth," says NASA scientist Chris McKay. "If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life, it would be doubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth."To date, scientists have not yet detected this form of life anywhere, though there are liquid-water-based microorganisms on Earth that grow well on methane or produce it as a waste product. On Titan, where temperatures are around 90 Kelvin (minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit), a methane-based organism would have to use a substance that is liquid as its medium for living processes, but not water itself.Water is frozen solid on Titan's surface and much too cold to support life as we know it.

  Scientists had expected the Sun's interactions with chemicals in the atmosphere to produce a coating of acetylene on Titan's surface.But Cassini detected no acetylene on the surface.

  The absence of detectable acetylene on the Titan's surface can very well have a non-biological explanation, said Mark Allen, a principal investigator of the NASA Titan team.

  "Scientific conservatism suggests that a biological explanation should be the last choice after all non-biological explanations are addressed." Allen said."We have a lot of work to do to rule out possible non-biological explanations.It is more likely that a chemical process, without biology, can explain these results."【题目分析】

  40. What do scientists claim to have found about Saturn?

  A. Water-based life on it.

  B. Methane-based life on its biggest moon.

  C. A new moon moving around it.

  D. Earthlike life on its biggest moon.

  【分析】

  第一步:划出题干的信息词:scientists,found,Saturn。

  第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到第一段最后一句:…, which pointed to the existence of methane-based form of life on Saturn's biggest moon? 第二段又说了Scientists have reportedly discovered clues showing primitive alien beings are "breathing" in Titan's dense atmosphere filled with hydrogen.

  第三步:对比题干和原文信息。原文说科学家在土星的卫星土卫六(Titan)上发现了生命的迹象,这些生命的存在是以甲烷为基础的。第一段先说了存在methane-based form of life,后面又说了in Titan's,合起来就是methane-based life on Titan,也就如C选项所说,所以这道题的答案选择C。

  41. Which of the following statements about Titan is true?

  A. It is as large as the earth.

  B. There is acetylence on its surface.

  C. Water on it as a life supporting medium.

  D. Hydrogen consumption is reported to be on it.

  【分析】

  第一步:这是一道Which……TRUE题型,题干中找不到有效信息词,我们根据四个选项来进行回归和判断。题干问的是关于Titan,下列哪个选项是正确的?

  第二步:选项A说 "它和地球一样大",原文没有提及,排除掉;选项B说"在它的surface上有acetylence",原文回归到第六段:Scientists had expected the Sun's interactions with chemicals in the atmosphere to produce a coating of acetylene on Titan's surface.But Cassini detected no acetylene on the surface.

  其中but后面的detected no acetylene on the surface说明的是"发现在surface上没有acetylence",所以选项B和原文内容相反,排除掉;选项C说的是"它上面的water是一种life supporting medium",回归原文到第五段的后半部分:On Titan, where temperatures are around 90 Kelvin (minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit), a methane-based organism would have to use a substance that is liquid as its medium for living processes, but not water itself.原文说的是液体(liquid)作为medium for living processes, 但是不是water。可见选项C内容和原文内容相反,排查掉。选项D说的是"在它(指是Titan)上面被报道有Hydrogen consumption",回归原文第三段:This, they say, points to the existence of some "bugs" consuming the hydrogen at the surface of the moon less than half the size of the Earth.即选项D和原文内容相符,所以本题的答案为D选项。

  43. The expression "this form of life" in paragraph 5 refers to?

  A. Water-based life.

  B. Oxygen-based life.

  C. Methane-based life.

  D. Liquid -based microorganisms.

  【分析】

  第一步:这道题考查的是"this form of life"在原文第五段中指代的对象。

  第二步:回到原文第五段找到相关信息,第五段的第二句说了On Titan, where temperatures are around 90 Kelvin (minus 290 degrees Fahrenheit), a methane-based organism would have to use a substance that…在土卫六上,绝对温度达到90度(相当于摄氏-273.15度),依赖于甲烷的微生物不得不用某种液体物质作为生存的介质。

  第三步:对比题干和原文信息。根据文章标题和文章原文信息可知this form of life指的是土卫六(Titan)上以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生物,即该文讨论的主题。所以这道题答案选择C。

  44. It can be inferred from Mark Allen's address thatA. Scientists are trying to conform there is life on Titan.

  B. Scientists agree that a chemical reaction is a convincing explanation.

  C. Scientists share the opinion that a biological explanation is reasonable.

  D. Scientists are arguing over whether there is life on Titan.

  【分析】

  第一步:划出题干的信息词:Allen,said。

  第二步:根据信息词回归原文,定位到文章最后两段,这两段提到了Allen说的话。最后一段的第一句表明了科学家们对土卫六上发现的生物现在表达的看法和观点,"Scientific conservatism suggests that a biological explanation should be the last choice after all non-biological explanations are addressed." Allen说:"科学界的保守主义者们建议,要做出土卫六上有生物的结论,首先必须对土卫六上所有没有生物的观点做出回应;要排除土卫六上可能没有生物的观点,我们任重道远。极为可能的是,一种化学过程而非生物学能解释这些结果。"第三步:对比题干和原文信息。原文说的是科学家至今对土卫六是否存在生物有不同的观点和解释。所以只有A是正确答案。

  45. Which of the following can replace the title of this passage?

  A. A different Life Form, a Possibility.

  B. Earthlike Living Beings Found on Titan.

  C. Finding of One More Moon of Saturn.

  D. Titan, a New Satellite Found.

  【分析】

  第一步:这道题问的是这篇文章还可以用什么标题命名?也就是考查文章的主旨大意。

  第二步:在原文中发现第四段中的一个句子能够揭示该短文的主题:"If these signs do turn out to be a sign of life, it would be doubly exciting because it would represent a second form of life independent from water-based life on Earth."科学家在土卫六(Titan)上发现了一种与地球生物不同的生命形式的迹象,即以甲烷为生命基础呼吸氢气的生物,但科学家还未能最后验证这一发现。

  第三步:根据文章的主标题和文中提示信息,比较四个选项,第四段也说了,一种与地球生物不同的生命形式(A different Life Form)的迹象,由于还没有得到证实,所以这是一种可能的(a Possibility)。综合分析,A选项很好的概括了文章的主旨大意,所以可以用作标题,答案选择A。

  第5部分:补全短文(第46~50题,每题2分,共10分)下面的短文有5处空白,短文后有6个句子,其中5个取自短文,请根据短文内容将其分别放回原有位置,以恢复文章面貌。

  Voice Your Opinion: Change Is Needed In Youth SportsEverywhere you look, you see kids bouncing a basketball or waving a tennis racquet (网球拍)。 And these kids are getting younger and younger. In some countries,children can compete on basketball, baseball, and volleyball teams starting at age nine. _______(46)And swimming and gymnastics classes begin at age four, to prepare children for competition.

  It's true that a few of these kids will develop into highly skilled athletes and may even become members of the national Olympic teams. _______(47)This emphasis on competition in sports is having serious negative effects.

  Children who get involved in competitive sports at a young age often grow tired of their sport. Many parents pressure their kids to choose one sport and devote all their time to it. _______(48)But 66 percent of the young athletes wanted to play more than one sport-for fun.

  Another problem is the pressure imposed by over-competitive parents and coaches. Children are not naturally competitive. In fact,a recent study by Paulo David found that most children don't even understand the idea of competition until they are seven years old. _______(49)The third, and biggest, problem for young athletes is the lack of time to do their homework, have fun, be with friends-in short, time to be kids. When they are forced to spend every afternoon at sports practice, they often start to hate their chosen sport. A searchers found that 70 percent of kids who take part in competitive sports before the of twelve quit before they turn eighteen. _______(50) Excessive competitive away all the enjoyment.

  Need to remember the purpose of youth sports - to give kids a chance to have developing strong, healthy bodies.

  【题型总体分析】:

  补全短文的题目虽然难,但是因为上下文之间的逻辑关系很强,所以很适合用技巧解题。总的解题思路为:找出每一项的关联词,关联词在软件中技巧实战--补全短文中均有讲解。并且在名师精讲中,么老师用大量的试题为大家讲解如何利用关联词进行解题。掌握关联词,我们可以很快拿到指代明显的题目。

  46题A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  【分析】:

  第一步:首先,我们先分析选项,找出各个选项中的重点关联词。A选项中的重点词为:79 percent of parents of young athletes,one sports说明横线前后的句子中会出现关于数量的词;B选项中的重点词为:as young as five,说明横线前后的句子中会出现关于年龄的词;C选项中的重点词为:them指代前面出现的复数人物; D选项中的重点词为:two important purposes,说面横线后面会出现两点关于purpose相关的内容;E选项中的but和后面的the average kids说明横线前面会出现与之对比的其他kids;F选项中的重点词为:their parents,说明横线前面会出现关于their parents的相关内容。接下来我们分析各个横线的前后的内容。

  第二步:回归横线46处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:In some countries,children can compete on basketball, baseball, and volleyball teams starting at age nine. _______(46)And swimming and gymnastics classes begin at age four, to prepare children for competition.横线前面出现了"at age nine",横线后面出现了"at age four",前后说的都是年龄,可见横线上也应该填一个和年龄有关的句子。而选项B中的重点词就是和年龄相关的,所以B选项为本题的正确答案。

  47题A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  【分析】:

  第一步:回归横线47处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:It's true that a few of these kids will develop into highly skilled athletes and may even become members of the national Olympic teams. _______(47)This emphasis on competition in sports is having serious negative effects.横线前面出现了"a few of these kids will develop into highly skilled athletes",说的是这些孩子中的一些将能发展成为技巧熟练的运动员,说明另外一些孩子不能,而选项E的But what about the others, the average kids?即但是其他的,一般的孩子怎么办呢?该选项很好的承接了前面一句话的意思,所以E选项为本题的正确答案。

  48题A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  【分析】:

  第一步:回归横线48处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:Many parents pressure their kids to choose one sport and devote all their time to it. _______(48)But 66 percent of the young athletes wanted to play more than one sport-for fun. 横线后面出现了"66 percent of the young athletes",和"more than one sport",这两个结构和选项A中的"79 percent of parents of young athletes"及"one sports"结构相似,可见选项A就是本题的正确答案。

  49题A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  【分析】:

  第一步:回归横线49处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:Another problem is the pressure imposed by over-competitive parents and coaches. Children are not naturally competitive. In fact,a recent study by Paulo David found that most children don't even understand the idea of competition until they are seven years old. _______(49) 这段话的中心句是第一句,讲的是父母和教练过度竞争导致的压力问题。横线前面出现了"children don't even understand the idea of competition until they are seven years old.",说的是children在7岁以前不理解竞争观念(don't even understand the idea of competition),也就导致了小孩不明白为什么他们的父母把他们逼得那么紧?(kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard),可见选项F就是本题的正确答案。

  50题A. Survey found that 79 percent of parents of young athletes wanted their children to concentrate on one sports.

  B. The young soccer organization has teams for children as young as five.

  C. Many of them completely lose interest in sports.

  D. Sports for children have two important purposes.

  E. But what about the others, the average kids?

  F. Very young kids don't know why their parents are pushing them so hard?

  【分析】

  第一步:回归横线50处,根据横线前后的内容选择答案。横线前后的句子为:A searchers found that 70 percent of kids who take part in competitive sports before the age of twelve quit before they turn eighteen. _______(50) Excessive competitive away all the enjoyment. 横线后面出现了"away all the enjoyment",说的是带走了所有的乐趣,也就是说完全失去了兴趣(completely lose interest),也就是说选项C的内容放到横线50处是合乎逻辑的。可见选项C就是本题的正确答案。

  第6部分:完形填空(第52~65题,每题1分,共15分)下面的短文有15处空白,请根据短文内容为每处空白确定1个最佳选项。

  Climate Change Poses Major Risks for Unprepared CitiesA new examination of urban policies has been carried recently by Patricia Romero Lankao. She is a sociologist specializing in climate change and ______ (51) development. She warns that many of the world's fast-growing urban areas, especially in developing countries, will likely suffer from the______ (52) of changing climate. Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to ______ (53) emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. These gases are known to affect the atmosphere. "Climate change is a deeply local issure and poses profound ______ (54) to the growing cities of the world," says Romero Lankao. "But too few cities are developing effective strategies to protect their residents."Cities are ______ (55) sources of greenhouse gases. And urban populations are likely to be among those most severely affected by future climate change. Lankao's findings highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policy interventions that could offerimmediate and longer-term ______ (56)。

  The locations and dense construction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater ______ (57) for natural disasters. Potential threats associated with climate include storm surges and prolonged hot weather. Storm surges can flood coastal areas and prolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surrounding areas. The impacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urban environment. For example, a prolonged heat wave can increase existing levels of air pollution, causing widespread health problems. Poorer neighborhoods that may ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable network of roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. Many residents in poorer countries live in substandard housing ______ (61) access to reliable drinking water, roads and basic services.

  Local governments, therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents. "Unfortunately, they tend to move towards rhetoric ______ (63) meaningful responses," Romero Lankao writes. "They don't impose construction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning ______ (64)。 They don't emphasize mass transit and reduce automobile use. In fact, many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), she urges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to prevent the harmful effects of climate change on cities.

  51. (  )A.urbanB.industrialC.economicD.rural【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是形容词,所以本题重点考查形容词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线51,横线51的句子是:She is a sociologist specializing in climate change and ______ (51) development.本句的意思是:她是一名致力于气候变和和___发展的社会学家。

  第三步:最后看选项,选项A是城市的意思,选项B是产业的意思,选项C是经济的意思,选项D是乡村的意思,通篇文章讨论的是气候变化对城市的影响及其应对措施, 并没有涉及economic(经济的)、industrial(工业的)和rural(农村的)的话题。所以, 这三个选项不可能是答案, 并且在本段的第一句话就出现了urban,所以本题的正确答案为A。

  52. (  )A.occasionsB.impactsC.routinesD.connections【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以本题的重点是名词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线52,横线52的句子是:……will likely suffer from the______ (52) of changing climate.这句话的是意思是:将很可能遭受气候变化的_____.

  第三步:看选项,选项A场合的意思,选项B是影响的意思,选项C是常规的意思,选项D是连接的意思,其中只有选项B的影响符合原文的意思,其他三个选项放到句子中不符合逻辑。是所以本题的正确答案为B。

  53. (  )A. reduceB. increaseC. studyD. measure【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题考查的是动词在句子中的使用。

  第二步:接下来看横线53,横线53的句子是:Her work also concludes that most cities are failing to ______ (53) emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.

  第三步:看选项,A是减少的意思,B是增加的意思,C是学习的意思,D是测量的意思,前面一句谈到, 发展中国家的飞速成长的城市备受气候变化的折磨。本句紧接上一句的意思, 大多数城市没有做到减少二氧化碳的排放量。所以本题的正确答案为选项A。

  54. (  )A.threatsB.interestsC.implicationsD.differences【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是表示看的名词,考查的是名词的辨析和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线54,横线54的句子是:"Climate change is a deeply local issue and poses profound ______ (54) to the growing cities of the world," says Romero Lankao.这句话的意思是气候变化是相当当地化的事件而且对世界发展中的城市带来了深重的_____。

  第三步:最后看四个选项,A是威胁的意思,B是兴趣的意思,C是暗示的意思,D是不同的意思,根据上下文,带来的应该是威胁,而不是其他。所以本题的答案为选项A。

  55. (  )A.majorB.repeatableC.doubtfulD.useful【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是形容词,所以本题重点考查形容词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线55,横线55的句子是:Cities are ______ (55) sources of greenhouse gases.这句话的意思是:城市是温室气体的_____来源。

  第三步:最后看四个选项,A是主要的意思,B是重复的意思,C是可疑的意思,D是有用的意思,根据上文的意思,前面说到大多数城市没有做到减少或控制二氧化碳的排放量。这说明"Cities are major sources of greenhouse gases"(城市是温室气体的主要来源),因此本题的答案是选项A。

  56. (  )A.signsB.benefitsC.chancesD.plans【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以本题是对于名词词义的辨析和句子逻辑的关系的考查。

  第二步:看横线57,横线57的句子是:Lankao's findings highlight ways in which city-residents are particularly vulnerable, and suggest policy interventions that could offerimmediate and longer-term ______ (56)。

  第三步:最后看选项,A是符号的意思,B是益处的意思,C是机会的意思,D是计划的意思,根据上下文,城市居民最易受气候变化的伤害, 所以Lankao建议地方政府要进行政策介入以降低居民因气候变化受到的伤害, 而这会带来立即的和长期的益处。所以benefits(益处)才是答案。故本题的答案是B选项。

  57. (  )A.costB.momentC.riskD.speed【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以本题是对于名词词义的辨析和句子逻辑的关系的考查。

  第二步:看横线57,横线57的句子是:The locations and dense construction patterns of cities often place their populations at greater ______ (57) for natural disasters.城市的位置及高密度的建筑模式经常让他们是人们处在更大的______自然灾害。

  第三步:最后看选项,A是成本的意思,B是时刻的意思,C是风险的意思,D是速度的意思,这里涉及到一个固定搭配:at risk for表示处在……的危险当中,根据上下文,这里要表达的是处在更大自然灾害的风险中。所以本题的答案是C。

  58. (  )A.locallyB.heavilyC.suddenlyD.mildly【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是副词,所以本题的重点是考查副词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线58,横线58的句子是:……and prolonged hot weather can heat ______ (58) paved cities more than surrounding areas.这里要选择的是一个能修饰heat的词。

  第三步:最后看选项,A是当地的意思,B是猛烈地的意思,C是突然地的意思,D是柔和地的意思。根据上下文,只有选项B的heavily能比较好的修饰heat,所以本题的答案是B。

  59. (  )A.standardB.meaningfulC.seriousD.friendly【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是形容词,所以本题重点考查形容词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线59,横线59的句子是:The impacts of such natural events can be more ______ (59) in an urban environment. 这句话的意思是:诸如此类的自然事件的影响对城市环境可能是更_____.

  第三步:最后看选项,选项A是标准的意思,选项B是有意义的意思,选项C是严重的意思,选项D是友好的意思,根据上下文,影响应该是更严重的,所以本题答案为C。

  60. (  )A. provideB. lackC. updateD. improve【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题的重点是考查动词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线60,横线60的句子是:Poorer neighborhoods that may ______ (60) basic facilities such as drinking water or a dependable network of roads, are especially vulnerable to natural disasters. 第三步:最后看选项,选项A是提供的意思,选项B是缺乏的意思,选项C是更新的意思,选项D是改善的意思,贫穷社区更易受到伤害, 句子给出有关基础设施的各个方面。贫穷社区的基础设施一定是不尽如人意的。所以要选lack。所以本题答案为B。

  61. (  )A. withB. withoutC. inD. on【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是介词,所以本题的重点是考查介词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:看横线61,横线61的句子是:Many residents in poorer countries five in substandard housing ______ (61) access to reliable drinking water, roads and basic services.

  第三步:最后看选项,选项A是有的意思,选项B是没有的意思,选项C是在…里面的意思,选项D是在…上面的意思,贫穷国家许多人住在不符合标准的房子里。下面提到reliable drinking water、roads和basic services这些基础设施, 从上下文判断, 贫穷居民不会享有这些基础设施。所以本题的正确答案为B。

  6选项62. (  )A.identifyB.educateC.protectD.evaluate【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是动词,所以本题的重点是考查动词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线62,横线62的句子是:Local governments, therefore, should take measures to ______ (62) their residents.

  第三步:最后看选项,选项A说的是识别的意思,选项B说的是教育的意思,选项C是保护的意思,选项D是评价的意思,这里说的是地方政府应该采取相应的对策以保护城镇居民, 因此本题答案是C选项。

  63. (  )A. less thanB. rather thanC. more thanD. other than【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是表示比较的词组,所以我们要重点看词组的词义和在句子中的使用。

  第二步:看横线63,横线63的句子是:Unfortunately, they tend to move towards rhetoric ______(63) meaningful responses。

  第三步:看选项,A选项意思表示更少,B选项表示而不是,C选项表示更多,D选项表示不同于。rhetoric responses(言辞反应, 即用言语予以搪塞的反应)和meaningful responses(有意义的反应)是两种截然不同的反应。地方政府的反应是前者还是后者?随后的句子, 特别是a hands-off approach, 说明地方政府做出的是rhetoric responses, 而不是meaningful responses。所以本题要选rather than(而不是)。故本题的正确答案为B。

  64. (  )A.needsB.wastesC.areasD.resources【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是名词,所以我们要重点看名词的词义和在句子中的使用。

  第二步:看横线64,横线64的句子是:They don't impose construction standards that could reduce heating and air conditioning ______ (64)。句子意思是:题目没有带来可以降低对暖气和空调_____的建筑标准。

  第三步:最后看选项,A选项表示需求,B选项表示废物,C选项表示区域,D选项表示资源;根据上下文,这里指的应该是"对暖气和空调需求的建筑标准"。所以本题的正确答案为A。

  65. (  )A.StillB.HoweverC.MoreoverD.Thus【分析】

  第一步:首先看选项,本题的四个选项都是关联词,所以本题的重点是考查关联词的词义和句子的逻辑联系。

  第二步:接下来看横线65,横线65的句子是:In fact, many local governments are taking a hands-off approach." ______ (65), she urges them to change their idle policies and to take strong steps to prevent the harmful effects of climate change on cities.

  第三步:最后看选项,A是仍然的意思,B是然而的意思,C是此外的意思,D是因此的意思,根据上下文,横线前面说政府采用放手政策,横线后说她强烈要求他们改变不作为的政策,两者之间是因果关系,所以符合逻辑和意思的只有选项D,因此本题的正确答案选D

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